Tag Archives: Russian

Biography of Nicholas II, in Russian,By a White Russian Author Who Turned RedAnd Was Later Executed by Stalin

И. М. Василевский (Нe-Буква). Николай II. Петроград, Москва: Издательство “Петроград,”1923.

I. M. Vasilevsky (No-Letter). Nicholas II. Petrograd, Moscow: Petrograd Publishing House, 1923.

Printed wrapper, covers foxed, front cover detached, edgeworn, with “Printed in Russia” stamped on front. 144 pp. Cover design signed lower right. From the Igor Sikorsky estate (unmarked).

Ilya Markovich Vasilevsky (1883-1938) was a Russian author and journalist. Many of his works were published under the pseudonym Нe-Буква (No Letter); a name he took in homage to another writer, a writer of Fairy Tales, who also went by the name Vasilevskyand the pseudonym Буква (Letter). Like many White Russians, he floated on the tides of the Civil War to the Crimea. From there, he immigrated to Constantinople, in 1920, and thence to Paris and Berlin. While he started off as an opponent of the Bolsheviks, he quickly saw the Specter of Communism glowing brightly and became a supporter of the Soviet government. In 1923, in the company of fellow writer Alexander N. Tolstoy (a distant relative of Leo Tolstoy, who became known by the sobriquet “Comrade Count”), he returned to Petrograd, where he published White Memoirs, a negative assessment of the memoirs of various figures on the losing side of the Civil War. Through the same publishing house, he also released his study of Nicholas II.

According to the Foreword to Nicholas II by L. Nezhdankov, this book is not a work of history, but a psychological sketch. However, Vasilevsky “managed to collect a lot of facts; small everyday touches that allow one to focus on the last Russian Autocrat. His book is not devoid of interest.”

Nezhdankov also says that Vasilevsky makes the case that Nicholas II always followed “badadvice,” not because he was weak-willed, but because he was the … instrument of a certain class worldview…. [The Tsar] only had the support of the reactionary nobility and the union oflandowners who opposed the peasantry and the working class.”

Vasilevsky was arrested on November 1, 1937 and charged with participation in a counter-revolutionary terrorist organization. He was later executed on the orders of Stalin.

Post contributed by Dan Bowen. Sources: Russian Wikipedia.

Igor Sikorsky’s Father–Child Psychologist, Educator..& white supremacist

A Book of Psychological Readings In Russian By the Father of Igor Sikorsky

 

Проф. И. А.  Сикорский.  Книга Жизни: Психологическая Христоматия. Southbury, CT: Alatas, 1931.

 

Prof. I. A. Sikorsky.  The Book of Life: A Psychological Reader. Southbury, CT: Alatas, 1931.

Post contributed by Dan Bowen.

 Ivan Alekseevich Sikorsky (1842-1919), a Russian psychiatrist and professor at the University of St. Vladimir in Kiev, was the founder of the journal Questions of Neuropsychic Medicine and Psychology, the Medical Institute for Mentally Retarded Childres and the Institute for Child Psychopathology.  He was also the father of the Russian-American aircraft designer Igor I. Sikorsky.  He rose to the rank of Active State Counselor, a position that carried with it inclusion in the hereditary nobility of the Russian Empire.

 

A supporter of White Supremacy, he put forth his ideas in a paper on the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, whose great-grandfather had been born in Africa.  However, his main work was in the field of child psychology, especially children with learning disabilities.  He was a Russian nationalist who considered language, poetry, artistic creation, school, press, religion as attributes of the national soul.  During his lifetime he acquired a large library of technical literature which he bequeathed to the University of Kiev.

 

In 1913, Sikorsky appeared as an expert witness testifying for the prosecution in the infamous Beilis case in which a middle-aged Jewish clerk, named Mendel Beilis, who worked in a local factory, was accused in Kiev of the “ritual murder” of a 13 year old Christian boy.

According to a reporter at the time, “Professor Sikorsky, instead of a psychiatric examination, began to read from his notebook a collection of savage stories that had nothing to do with science.”  The citizens of Kiev were so incensed by Sikorsky’s testimony that there was a fear of physical reprisals against the Jewish community in the area.  He also testified that the crime “does not seem to me to be an accidental or simple” delusion, but “a complex, qualified crime, which was carefully thought out and systematically executed.”  The Journal of Neuropathology and Psychiatry asserted that “the venerable Russian scientist compromised Russian science and covered his gray head with shame.”  A fellow psychiatrist noted at the time that “never have psychiatrists been so unanimous and principled in manifesting their disgust for the use of psychiatry for political purposes.”  One of the lawyers for the defense in the Beilis case was Alexander Kerensky, later to be Prime Minister of the Provisional Government in the days after the February Revolution in 1917.  In spite of the immense pressure from the Tsar, the Russian Orthodox Church and the civil authorities in Kiev to find Beilis guilty, he was acquitted by the jury.  This verdict did not stop the Synod of the Church from constructing a church to honor the victim.  The young boy’s death had nothing to do with religion.  He had simply seen a trove a stolen goods at the home of one of his school mates.  The mother of his friend, who was the leader of the gang of thieves, saw that the boy paid for his “crime” by stabbing him 47 times.  Sikorsky appealed to the police to get people to stop criticizing him, and a number of Russian medical societies were closed for this reason.  It was said the criticizing Sikorsky had almost risen to the level of a crime against the state.

 

Sikorsky was not deterred.  He offered an opinion on another case of Jewish ritual murder, the Fastov case.  But, there it turned out the victim was Jewish and the murderer a common Russian criminal.

 

The book contains 365 excerpts from psychological and literary texts.

 

Sources: Russian Wikipedia.  Orlando Figes. A People’s Tragedy: A History of the Russian Revolution.  New York: Viking 1996.  Richard Pipes.  The Russian Revolution.  New York: Alfred A. Knopt, 1990.  Photo of Mendel Beilis: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Morris Rosen.